Net Neutrality and Video Sharing Sites

KEEPING THE INTERNET FREE AND OPEN FOR ALL

If you believe the Internet should remain a free and open platform for everyone, you need to learn about Get Miro.

Whether your video masterpiece is your baby’s birthday party, or your company’s marketing demonstration, internet video is getting easier to distribute all the time. As video producers, we applaud the opportunity to share our unique visions.

Video producers who stake out an Internet audience need to be concerned with net neutrality and help ensure that the direction of the net continues toward openness. Easy distribution of individually produced video gives anyone who wants it a voice.

That’s what Get Miro says they are all about. The site is a non profit dedicated especially to providing anybody and everybody a platform for their internet video. Their mission statement includes the goal to “open media and culture to more people than ever before.” Unlike commercial sites, Get Miro actively promotes maintaining the Internet as an open source platform for the little guy. They want to make sure no voice is ever silenced by the elite, rich and powerful.

That’s indeed a noble goal we should all actively pursue. The Internet needs to remain free from corporate domination and control. Get Miro is operated by the Participatory Culture Foundation, PCF, based in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.

Their dream is to build a new, open mass medium of online television. To do that, they operate the Miro internet TV platform, which is “designed to make watching internet video channels as easy as watching TV.” They make it easy for anyone to operate an individualized, personal broadcasting channel. Unlike expensive-to-produce traditional TV, everyone willing to post an online video will have a voice. According to their website, Get Miro’s decision to go non-profit confirms their dedication to this goal. they say they’ve seen too many for-profit companies lose their values as financial pressures mount. Dedicated founders leave, or they get acquired by bottom-line obsessed companies. Go turn on any corporate TV news network and see if you don’t agree!

Unlike corporate media, PCF want to be accountable to their user community and the public. No venture capitalists or shareholders can force the board of directors to go in a direction that’s bad for users but good for the bottom line. Trust me when I promise you that is NOT Rupert Murdoch’s philosophy.

As television moves online, we face a crucial decision. Will it be open like the internet? Or will it be controlled by a small number of gatekeepers like cable and broadcast television? Think of all the diversity you find on the Internet now. I cringe at the thought of it disappearing but it could happen.

How would you feel if some bean counter somewhere decided you shouldn’t be wasting your time watching funny viral videos, so they shut it off.

Ouch!

Let’s all work hard to make sure that never happens.

Get Miro get my thumb’s up for their efforts.

Make Money on eBay – Combine Other Sales Channels into Your eBay Business

One of the great things about today’s world is that there is an almost limitless number of ways to market items. In fact many options that were once only available to major enterprises can now be successfully used by entrepreneurs who are working from their home. You can make money on eBay and then make even more by expanding into other marketplaces.

Once the right options are identified it is possible to create a very complementary set of marketing options for items that you sell. While you continue to make money on eBay sales growth can be achieved by using other outlets. When eBay sales slow other outlets can help to offset the decrease.

Just a few of the many options include opening other online sales outlets. This might include online stores, other auction sites, or direct marketing. Do you already make money on eBay? Any or all of these options could enhance sales and they could be very complementary to your successful eBay business. Just be sure that you don’t violate eBay rules.

Brick and mortar stores can be another great way to grow sales. eBay could become a great means of liquidating slower selling merchandise. While you make money on eBay excess merchandise could be stocked and sold in the brick and mortar store.

Bulk sales of eBay merchandise could also be made to local liquidators. By adding bulk sales your purchasing power is greatly increased. That can mean lower buying costs and therefore even higher profits as you make money on eBay.

Other local sales could be made at garage sales, to consignment shops, through newspaper ads as well. In fact these outlets might be a great way to test market new items before they are purchased in higher quantities. For the seller who wants to make money on eBay using other sales outlets can be a great means of continued business growth.

To your eBay success!

Plants – Neurobiology Analogous to Cnidarian Nerve Nets

Although animal neuroscience is an established and accepted fact, the neurobiology of plants remains controversial despite the fact that electrical signaling in plants was described by M.L. Berthelon in De l’Electricité des Végétaux (Aylon, Paris) 1783, eight years before the first reference of animal electrical signaling by L. Galvani in 1791. This is likely because plant responses to environmental stimuli are significantly (1000 to 100,000 times based on measured refractory periods for action potentials (APs) in Lupinus shoots by Adam Paszewski and Tadeusz Zawadzki, Action Potentials in Lupinus angustifolius L. Shoots (Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland 1976)) slower than those in animals (with the exception of a few – the touch-sensitive mimosa (Mimosa pudica) and Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) that require speed to close their leaves and shut their traps since in general, plants do not require the speed of animals to escape predators or capture prey) and because of flawed views that persisted until recently that plants are helpless, passive organisms at the mercy of their environment with little need for rapid signaling.

In reality, plants possess neurobiology analogous to cnidarian nerve nets, in which the existence of a brain or central nervous system is not a prerequisite. This should not be surprising when considering the identical nature between plants and animals as pointed out by Frantisek Baluska, Dieter Volkmann, Andrej Hlavacka, Stefano Mancuso and Peter W. Barlow in Neurobiological View of Plants and Their Body Plan (Communication in Plants, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006) in that both rely on identical sexual processes utilizing fusion between sperm cells and oocytes (female egg cells), both develop immunity when attacked by pathogens, and both use the same methods and means to drive their circadian rhythms (patterns of biological activity synchronized to day-night cycles). In addition, plants and animals transmit electrical signals over both short and long distances and rely on the same pathways and molecules to control their physiological responses (e.g. movement in animals, growth in plants).

Cnidarians and Plants: Convergent Neurobiology

Plants and cnidarians (e.g. anemones, hydra, jellyfish) have analogous nervous systems, in which stimuli is communicated via a nerve network or web of interconnecting neurons. Neither have a brain (though some theories postulate that root apices may serve as a brain in plants) or central nervous system in the context of advanced animal life. Consistent with plant neurobiology, in which a network of electrical and chemical signaling is used to detect and respond to environmental stimuli (biotic and abiotic), cnidarians do not feel pain per se; they merely react to stimuli.

Cnidaria (a phylum of over 9000 simple aquatic animals) rely on decentralized nerve nets consisting of sensory neurons that generate signals in response to stimuli, motor neurons that instruct muscles to contract and “cobwebs” of intermediate neurons.[1] Hydras rely on a structurally simple nerve net to bridge sensory photoreceptors and touch-sensitive nerve cells located on their body wall and tentacles. Jellyfish also depend on a loose network of nerves located within their epidermal and gastrodermal tissue (outer and inner body walls, respectively) to detect touch and a circular ring throughout the rhopalial lappet located at the rim of their body. Intercellular communication occurs in cnidaria through electronic signaling via synapses or small gaps across which electro-chemicals (called neurotransmitters) flow.

Cnidarian nerves (unlike those in advanced species) rely on neurotransmitters on both sides of their synapses enabling bi-directional action potential (AP) transmission. Cnidarian neurons communicate with all other neurons wherever they cross with such communication utilizing at least three specific pathways without preference. Basically, in cnidaria, stimuli at any point results in an impulse that radiates away in every direction providing optimal intercellular communication throughout the organism.

In both plants and cnidaria, electrical signals are transmitted through non-nerve tissues, from cell to cell through utilization of gap junctions. These gap junctions in a plant’s cell wall are called plasmodesmata.

Consistent with cnidaria, plants rely on action potentials (AP) and synaptic intercellular communication utilizing auxin as their primary neurotransmitter with vascular strands representing nerves. Like cnidarians, plants rely on electrical signaling and developed pathways (phloem and sieve tubes in vascular plants; non-phloem tissue in non-vascular plants such as algae and liverworts) analogous to a nerve net “to respond rapidly to environmental stress factors (e.g. insect herbivory, pathogens, mechanical damage, etc.)” and environmental conditions (e.g. changes in temperature, light intensity, water availability, osmotic pressure, and the presence of chemical compounds). Through electrical signaling, plants “are able to rapidly transmit information over long distances… at the tissue and whole plant levels from leaves to roots and shoots and vice versa through utilization of ion channels.”[2]

Evidence of Plant Neurobiological Processes:

1. Voltage levels change when mimosa leaves are touched (causing them to close) and the hairs of a Venus flytrap are triggered (causing the trap to snap shut). Scientists have measured action potentials (APs) in both plants dating back to the 1870s. Furthermore based on studies involving electrical stimuli applied between the midrib and lobe of a Venus flytrap’s trap (which results in closing without the need to stimulate the trigger hairs), Dionaea muscipula have demonstrated three stages of electrical responses – stimulus perception, electrical signal transmission, and induction of response – and the existence of a short-term electrical memory (in that the trap does not close if repeated sub-threshold charges are applied).

2. Wounding in one part of a plant initiates a response elsewhere, which is not confined to the injury site nor duration of the initial wounding.

3. Electrical activity consistent with that in cnidaria occurs in the shoots of tomato plants when their leaves are crushed. Such signals are strongest in the phloem, which carries nutrients from the leaves to the roots and triggers the release of proteinase, which serves as a defense mechanism against insect herbivory.

4. Plants generate electrical signals in response to water and light/darkness conditions based on the results of studies involving fruit trees (namely, avocado, blueberry, lemon, and olive) in which electrical potential (EP) fluctuates between light and dark periods, decreases as water stress increases and increases as the transpiration rate rises per Luis A. Gurovich and Paulo Hermosilla, Electric signaling in fruit trees in response to water applications and light-darkness conditions (Journal of Plant Physiology 166, Elsevier, 2009). In addition, when a young leaf is exposed to light, such light elicits a release of action potentials (APs) that unleash a sequence of metabolic events that lead to growth.

5. Per Carol Kaesuk Yoon, Plants Found to Send Nerve-Like Messages (The New York Times, November 17, 1992) when electrical signals were permitted to flow freely from a caterpillar damaged tomato plant leaf, unaffected leaves initiated chemical defense mechanisms; when such electrical signals were blocked, no such defense response was initiated; and when movement of hormones was blocked, unaffected leaves still initiated defense mechanisms proving that electrical rather than chemical signals activate a plant’s defense mechanisms.

6. Plants produce glutamate, GABA dopamine, and serotonin – substances associated with animal neurotransmitters even though not much is known about their function in plants and auxin appears to be their primary neurotransmitter.

Types of Electrical Signaling in Plants:

Plants rely on three known types of electrical signals – Action Potentials (AP), Variation Potentials (VP), and System Potentials (SP) to carry out critical life functions (e.g. respiration, photosynthesis, water uptake, etc.) and to respond to environmental stimuli and stresses. All three types of electrical signals travel intracellularly (within a cell) and extra/inter-cellularly or apoplastically (outside or between cells) and per Matthias R. Zimmermann et al System Potentials, a Novel Electrical Long-Distance Apoplastic Signal in Plants, Induced by Wounding, “may act as forerunners of slower traveling chemical signals” while serving as a back up to each other and overlapping in some instances.

APs are rapid “all or nothing” self-propagating electrical signals that occur in both plants and animals characterized (based on Eric Davies, Electrical Signals in Plants: Facts and Hypotheses (Plant Electrophysiology – Theory & Methods, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2006)) by “a sharp rise, brief peak, and sharp return to near baseline.” They travel at a constant speed and amplitude regardless of distance when stimuli reach a certain threshold (consistent with AP activity in cnidaria) that triggers membrane depolarization. Based on Electrical signals and their physiological significance in plants (Plant, Cell and Environment, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007) by Jörg Fromm and Silke Lautner, “an AP can propagate over short distances through plasmodesmata, and after it has reached the sieve element/companion cell complex, it can travel over long distances along the sieve element plasma membrane (in the phloem, which extends throughout a vascular plant) in both directions.” APs travel at a speed of between 20-400 cm per minute. The duration of a typical AP is less than 20 seconds. Once an AP passes, a period of delay called a refractory period follows in which an additional AP cannot be generated.

VPs are slower non-self-propagating electrical signals that are elicited by stimuli that trigger a change in potential (depolarization and subsequent repolarization) at the plasma membrane of parenchyma cells that reside adjacent to xylem vessels due to a rapid loss of turgor. They are characterized (based on Eric Davies, Electrical Signals in Plants: Facts and Hypotheses (Plant Electrophysiology) by “a sharp rise followed by a lingering decline, often with spikes.” Unlike APs, membrane repolarization is delayed and the signals are graded and travel at varying amplitudes (which are reduced as the distance increases) based on intensity of the stimulus. VPs also utilize the sieve element plasma membrane and plasmodesmata. VPs travel at a speed of between Electrical Signals in Plants: Facts and Hypotheses APs are generally caused by non-damaging stimuli such as “electrical stimulation, light/dark transitions, brief cooling, pollination [and sometimes] excision” and VPs are caused by damaging stimuli such as “severe wounding, [organ excision, and flaming].” SPs are generally caused by cutting and cations.

Physiological Effects of Plant Electrical Signaling:

Primarily based on Jörg Fromm and Silke Lautner, Electrical signals and their physiological significance in plants (Plant, Cell and Environment, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007)

1. Mechanical (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Venus Fly Trap (Dionaea) – Trap Closure; Release of Digestive Enzymes (Physiological Effects)

2. Mechanical (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Sundew (Drosera) – Tentacle movement to trap an insect (Physiological Effect)

3. Cold Shock, Mechanical (Stimuli) – AP (Signal) – The Sensitive Plant (Mimosa) – Leaf Movement (Physiological Effect)

4. Electrical (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Muskgrass (Chara) – Cessation of cytoplasmic streaming (Physiological Effect)

5. Electrical (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Liverwort (Conocephalum) – Increase in Respiration (Physiological Effect)

6. Pollination (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Flowering Shrubs (Incarvilea, Hibiscus) – Increase in Respiration (Physiological Effect)

7. Cold Shock (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Maize (Zea) – Reduction in Phloem transport (Physiological Effect)

8. Re-Irrigation (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Maize (Zea) – Reduction in Phloem Transport (Physiological Effect)

9. Cooling, Electrical (Stimuli) – AP (Signal) – Sponge Gourd (Luffa) – Decrease of Stem elongation growth (Physiological Effect)

10. Electrical (Stimulus) – AP (Signal) – Tomato (Lycopersicon) – Induction of proteinase inhibitor2 (pin2) gene expression (Physiological Effect)

11. Heating (Stimulus) – VP (Signal) – The Sensitive Plant (Mimosa) and Poplar (Populus) – Transient Reduction in Photosynthesis (Physiological Effect)

12. Heating (Stimulus) – VP (Signal) – Bean plants (Vicia) – Increase in Respiration (Physiological Effect)

13. Heating (Stimulus) – VP (Signal) – Nightshade (Solanum) – Induction of jasmonic acid biosynthesis and pin2 gene expression (Physiological Effects)

14. Wounding (Stimulus) – VP (Signal) – Garden Pea (Pisum) – Inhibition of Protein Synthesis, Formation of Polysomes (Physiological Effects)

15. Insect Herbivory (Stimulus) – SP (Signal) – Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Field Bean (Vicia faba), Maize (Zea), Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) – Activation of Chemical Defense Mechanisms (Physiological Effects)

Conclusion:

Plants, through the use of neurobiology analogous to that of cnidaria, in which the presence of a brain and central nervous system are not prerequisite for interpretation and response, have proven their ability to respond intelligently and rapidly to complex environmental stimuli. Although plants and cnidaria do not feel pain per se as advanced animal life, both, because of their respective neurobiology are not “unfeeling” and can sense, perceive and respond accordingly. Electrical signals in plants and cnidaria provide an efficient means to rapidly transmit information systemically, detect and respond to danger (whether predators – insect herbivory with regard to plants, or pathogens) and other environmental stresses. In short, with their capacity to sense and perceive, plants are not passive, unfeeling organisms as defined by flawed paradigms.

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[1] Cnidaria. Wikipedia.org. 24 August 2009. 21 September 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidaria

[2] Alexander Volkov, Holly Carrell, Tejumade Adesina, Vladislav S. markin and Emil Jovanov. Plant Electrical Memory. Plant Signaling & Behavior 3:7. July 2008. 490.

Additional Sources:

Matthias R. Zimmermann, Heiko Maischak, Axel Mithöfer, Wilhelm Boland, and Hubert H. Felle. System Potentials, a Novel Electrical Long-Distance Apoplastic Signal in Plants, Induced by Wounding. Plant Physiology, Vol. 149. American Society of Plant Biologists. March 2009.

Uncovering the molecular basis of electrical signaling in plants. Elexignal Project. agropolis fondation. 18 March 2009.

E-shopping on an Ecommerce Website With ASP.NET Shopping Cart

An ASP.NET shopping cart is a software device that allows the users to browse the inventory of an online store and select the items for purchase. Upon implementation the shopping, the shopping cart directs the user to a billing page where the dealings are carried out in a secure way. ASP.NET shopping cart also has the provision to modify the cart, i.e., to add or delete the items shopped before the billing process is over. It also allows the business to save the database of the customers for future reference.

On-line shopping or e-shopping has gained a lot of popularity. Each sell or wholesale selling today is forced to switch over to the online channels for selling its products. The ecommerce web sites are the solutions for converting the physical shop to an effective E-shop.

The ecommerce website design is all about creating a customer-friendly shopping page for a business. It involves the completion of a safe shopping approach by which the user, as well as the company, is able to manage the shopping activities online. The ecommerce website design using ASP.NET is highly popular because of its security features and user-friendly interface. It also gives the terms for data entry, page submissions, product updates, variety support activities, etc.

The ASP.NET shopping cart calls the notice of millions of shopper world wide who are anxious about the security of ecommerce websites. With the growing number of phishing scams reported world wide, the businesses today hold the responsibility for installing secure shopping software like the ASP.NET shopping cart in their e-commerce web sites.

A best ecommerce website design should have the following essential features to ensure a suitable shopping through the online store.

*Ecommerce store design
*Safe online payment gateways
*Shopping cart
*Product catalog

Apart from the above services presented at the customer front, an ecommerce website design should also focus on the content management system. The ecommerce website design in ASP.NET allows the company to install and execute an efficient content management method to ensure regular communication and flow of stuffing to and from the website. This includes the following features.

*Accessible design and navigation features
*Description of the products/ items showcased (this will present the essential contents for search engine optimization)
*Buyer comment and transfer options
*Classify validation e-mails
*Newsletters

The third essential part of the ecommerce website design/development is to make sure that the catalog is managed and reorganized consequently. This will ensure that the shopping database is up to date and keep away from the probability of ordering exclusive products. The ecommerce package also has to execute a number of other back-end roles such as:

*Credit card processing functionality
*Categorize tracking method
*Backup and restoring of information
*Tracking the customers
*Handle the catalog by editing, deleting or removing the unnecessary things.
*Managing the transfer (delivery) of physical products.

Expand Your Neuro Net, Expand Your Consciousness

So what is our neuro net (NN)? How is it connected to consciousness? How does it work and how can I use it to develop my mental skills and improve my life?

In simple terms, your NN is pretty much that, it’s a neurological ‘net’ which we are using in every single moment to ‘capture’ only a very very small chunk of the millions of bits of information that is coming to us from our senses at any one moment.

The NN that you currently have is an extremely complicated set of circuitry that is the result of many influences in your environment, mostly from your past during the most impressionable years of your childhood. It has been shown that much of our ‘brain wiring’ is complete by the age of 7. However, science has long since established a term called ‘Neuro Plasticity’. This basically means that the neurological wiring of the brain is not fixed but changeable and malleable, able to make new connections and discard old ones. We are very capable as human beings to reinforce neural path ways and connections in the brain, disconnect current path ways or create completely new ones leading to new skills, experiences and growth.

The nature of every single human beings NN basically determines our experience of reality. The characteristics of our neuro net plays a major role in not only channelling our focus in the environment around us, but it also determines what meaning we attach to the information that is coming in from our 5 senses. After all, as we all know, the information coming into our brains from sight, sound, touch, taste and hearing, are all simply electrical impulses making their way to our brain. How we use those electrical impulses to interact with our world is purely a function of our NN.

An abundance of psychological research has described a process by which we as humans distort, delete and generalize during every wakeful moment. This is a very important function as it allows us to pick and choose from the millions of bits of information that is coming to us for the purpose of allowing us to function in a normal way.

From the very day we enter this world the process of creating our NN via deleting, distorting and generalizing incoming information begins. It expands and grows at an amazing rate and then starts to slow down as the wiring of our brain becomes more ‘fixed’. As we develop we also begin to establish for ourselves, often from external sources, beliefs, awareness and perspectives based on those beliefs which also have a very intimate role to play in creating and reinforcing our NN.

As we get older and move through our lives, our NN, awareness, beliefs and perspective all intermingle to facilitate an experience of our life. Any information that we become aware, or conscious of, then goes through the filter, or NN, of deletion, distortion and generalization. And then like any net, some bits of information will be filtered through the net, others will be captured by it. Once it has been ‘captured’ so-to-speak, you will either take that information on or not, make it part of you perspective or not.

So how can you use this knowledge in your every day life? Well, the answer is simple. The more you can expand, make changes and adjust your NN, awareness and hence your consciousness, the richer your life experience will be. The more you will begin to experience yourself as the creator of your own reality which you determine by what you focus on. If there is an area of your life that you are currently less than pleased with, it can be helpful to just stop for a moment, consider your information NN and realise that you can change any situation in your life by developing, adjusting and augmenting your current NN.

Albert Einstein himself said that no problem can be solved with the same level of thinking that created it. What he was basically saying is that any problem you are currently experiencing is simply a result of your current NN. To change your situation and experience something new, you need to develop a new type of thinking, a new NN so you can start to notice information and opportunities you may not have noticed before.

It’s important to know that it’s a very gradual process. Your current NN has been developed over many years and is unlikely to change over night. But by simply becoming aware of this process of your brain, it can facilitate the establishment of new connections. As these connections get reinforced they will then become the dominate pathways that lead to an elevated consciousness and functioning.

Do You Want to Know How to Make Money Surfing the Net

Internet marketing is a fresh, effective and innovative way to make money surfing the net. If you have a new product out there, or are just looking for a method to effectively market your business, then internet marketing is the perfect answer.

But what is internet marketing?

Basically, internet marking is marketing on the internet. It all comes down to finding your niche market and discovering how to effectively channel your products towards them. And how do you do that?

Simple: you surf the net. You can literally make money surfing the net all the while effectively marketing your product or service to billions of potential customers.

Read on to discover how:

1. Join Social Networks:

It’s entertaining, fun and free. But most of all, it will actually make you money. No kidding. Joining social networks is a great way to rely information about your product or service to potential clients or customers.

Add a link to your business on your profile page or message all your friends with an informative update on your business.

For even more potential client’s look into other social network specifically designed for your product or business. For example, if you are selling photography equipment, check out the social networks that are catered towards photography. If you are selling CD’s or CD equipment, join a music network. This is one of the easiest ways to make money surfing the net all the while connecting with those who share your passion.

2. Look into Affiliates:

An affiliate program is a great way to make money while surfing the net. Affiliate programs will look for similar market segments and develop and promote your website in exchange for a small residual income.

3. Research What Works:

This is another effective yet entertaining method to make money surfing the net. Simply check out the sites that are already out there to see what works, what doesn’t and what type of competition is out there. Take these ideas and expand them to be even better.

Similarly, research Keywords with the Google Ad Words tool bar to see what the best Search Engine Optimization words are for your internet marketing plan. By knowing what keywords are used the most you can optimize your advertisement potential and enhance your profit margin.

Internet marketing is the new wave to effective marketing. It is a fast and simple way to make money while surfing the internet. So jump online and explore the many avenues of internet marketing and see what it can do for your business.

VoIP Service Providers – One of the Cheapest Communication Channels

Technology is taking the world by storm, several phone service providers have come up to ease the rate of your communication through the whole world. The VoIP service providers are a communication entity that provides its phone services through the internet. The VoIP services offer unlimited long and local unlimited calling at a very low rate. It is one of the fastest internet connections that have been brought forth in terms of speed in internet connection.

In order for you to make a phone call using this broad band, you are required to have the analogue telephone adaptor which is given out by the VoIP providers after you have signed for its services, this is a sure prove that you have become its member and you will use your telephone regularly. There are several broad band technologies that are employed in order for the providers to supply high speed services to the clients, these include cable or DSL and several relay wires for the correct and accurate connection.

The VoIP service providers aim at improving the communication channels by reducing the hefty pay that you need to give out for you to make a call. The VoIP calls are fast, cheap and unlimited one of the reasons that has made it top up in the communication bar. The telephone needs of this service are improved by expanding the band width and the internet data in all percentages.

The internet services that are provided by this service are quality and cost effective thereby making it possible for you to make unlimited calls in 24 hours for 7 days. This service employs a control protocol set up that tears down all the calls and audio codes which are later decoded in a speech form through an IP net work like the digital audio through the audio stream. The VoIP service providers utilizes greatly the internet accessibility in order to give you both the out band and in bound service through the direct in bound dialing mode.

Making an international call through the VoIP services with a subscriber with the same phone service can reduce your call rates or even reduce to a flat rate. This is one of the newest technologies that you need to embrace for you to feel the value of your money after you have made a call using these service providers. This service runs both data and voice communications using one net work.

2007 Trends in Smart Garages and the Net Centric Car and Home

With the emergence of robotics, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, materials sciences, net-centric systems and alternative energies the average lifestyle of the middle class will change substantially in the next coming two decades. These technologies will shape the way we live and affect everything from our automobiles to our homes.

Perhaps you might have seen Discovery Channel shows and presentations on; “The Home of the Future” fully equipped with artificially intelligent android robots to do your dishes, your laundry, mow the lawn, cook your dinner and wash your car. But have you considered a net centric garage interfacing with your house and your car as well? Perhaps you might, as that will be not too far off in the future. In fact it is a logical next step. You are in the kitchen getting ready for work and your car is getting ready too, as it checks the route for traffic problems, construction, re-routing alternatives.

Indeed your garage may warm your garage slightly and start your car as soon as you open the door from your house to your garage. It may then communicate with your car to adjust the seat while it prepares to open the garage door too. When you return your car will communicate with your net-centric garage and your home to get everything ready as you drive up.

All this can be done through many existing technologies and entrepreneurs are already getting ready to meet the demand of the future desires of consumers with such integrated living and personal transportation systems. I hope you will enjoy this topic and the thinking it provokes. Perhaps this article is of interest to propel thought in 2007?

The Net Neutrality Ruling and Telemedicine

The FCC’s historic reclassification of Internet backbone as a public utility along the same lines as phone lines and public radio waves was extremely controversial among a small segment of the population. But for telemedicine, it’s a strict win.

Why? Because at no point was any telemedical startup or existing firm likely to benefit from the failure of Net Neutrality. Quite the opposite, in fact: telemedicine represents the trifecta of “companies that would get hit hard by Internet backbone providers looking to capitalize.” That’s because the data moved by telemedicine is…

• Critically Important to an individual’s health — it can’t afford to have hiccups or gaps.
• Large in Volume — a video conference uses twice the bandwidth of a Netflix stream.
• A New Technology — so any early issues with speed could cause a wholesale abandonment of the entire concept.

With those three factors on the table, it would be a complete no-brainer for an ISP to charge a significant fast-lane premium for telemedicinal data bandwidth, which would in turn significantly impact the financial ability of the startup to operate.

The Pushback

Of course, since the FCC ruled in February that the Internet was in fact going to be a public utility and thus no ‘data discrimination’ is possible, that argument is moot, right? Not exactly — the fight for Net Neutrality is far from over. Coalitions of Congressmen have banded together to fight the ruling using a variety of tools that range from simply overturning the FCC’s ruling to defunding the FCC so it can’t enforce the law.

The Alternative

If that were to happen, insofar as it affects telemedicine, it could be potentially disastrous, for all of the reasons mentioned above. But is neutrality the only alternative? The President did, before the FCC made its ruling, suggest a lighter-touch approach that would create a special ‘hospital channel’ that would automatically put medical data on a higher level of priority than business data.

The problem with this alternative is twofold; first, it actually involves more government oversight than the FCC’s Net Neutrality rules. That’s because every individual telemedical startup that wants to use the hospital channel would have to apply for and be given permission to do so. A startup that failed that application, even on a minor technicality, would essentially be instantly relegated to the failed businesses pile, no matter how clever their business plan.

The second problem is that even if application to the hospital channel were a rubber-stamp process, it almost by definition wouldn’t include all telemedical data. Telemedicine is a much broader field than just ‘communicating with your doctor.’ For example, medical records are starting to modernize to the point where they have video clips of interviews with specialists recorded right there as part of the digital record. What happens when a private citizen wants to download that kind of medical record through their smartphone? Is that data qualified to use the high-speed channel?

The end result of all of this is simple: Net Neutrality is a huge boon for the young telemedical industry, and most advocates for advancing the cause of telemedicine are glad it’s been ruled that way.

Satellite Radio – Dedicated Music Channels

Many satellite radio fans find that dedicated music channels are one of the best advantages offered by this new trend in technology. Sirius, one of the two major satellite radio providers, offers a wealth of dedicated music channels that are perfect for music fans that just cannot seem to get enough of their favorite groups.

One such option is a channel that is dedicated solely to the Grateful Dead. Like all music channels, this channel is completely commercial free and operates 24-hours per day. This means that no matter what time of the day or night you turn to that channel you will have the opportunity to enjoy the very best of the Grateful Dead as well as specialty programming about the iconic group that is not available anywhere else.

The Grateful Dead; however, is not the only group that has received a dedicated satellite radio music channel. Elvis Radio is another high popular channel. In fact, it is the only official radio channel in the world dedicated to broadcasting all-Elvis Presley programming. Programming is broadcast live from Graceland. Everything from the early years to Elvis classics and his comebacks are played on All-Elvis. Listeners can even listen to live tracks and rarities that are difficult to find anywhere else.

Other groups and musicians which have received dedicated music channels include Frank Sinatra, Bruce Springsteen, Pink Floyd, George Straight and The Who.

Recently it was announced that Sirius will once again dedicate a channel to the Rolling Stones as part of the release of ‘Shine a Light’; a Scorsese film. Not only will listeners be able to enjoy fabulous hits of the Rolling Stones but also interviews with band members as well. Like many of the dedicated music channels on Sirius, Rolling Stones Radio will air for a limited time only. Broadcasting will begin on March 18th and last through April 15th.

In the past, Sirius has also offered music channels that were dedicated to providing music for special events and holidays. During the Christmas season, three different music channels were dedicated entirely to holiday music. An entire channel was also dedicated to the artists and personalities who helped to shape and influence African-American music during Black History Month. Lionel Richie, Charlie Wilson, LL Cool J and numerous others were featured on the channel during the month the music channel ran.

Satellite radio has become extremely popular in the last few years due to the amount of exclusive programming and entertainment that simply cannot be found elsewhere. Dedicated music channels are just one example of the unique content and programming which satellite radio offers over traditional AM/FM radio.